Wayanad District, in the north-east of Kerala , was formed on November 1 , 1980 as the 12th district, carved out of Kozhikode and Kannur districts. The meaning of the word Wayanad is Vayal (paddy) Naad (land); ‘Land of Paddy Fields’. There are many indigeneous tribals in this area. It is set lofty on the majestic Western Ghats with altitudes ranging from 700 to 2100 Metres above mean sea level.
Wayanad, the green paradise is nestled among the mountains of the Western Ghats, forming the border world of the greener part of Kerala. Clean and pristine, enchanting and hypnotizing, this land is filled with history and culture. Located at a distance of 76 km. from the sea shores of Kozhikode, this verdant hill station is full of plantations, forests and wildlife. Wayanad hills are contiguous to Mudumalai in Tamil Nadu and Bandhipur in Karnataka, thus forming a vast land mass for the wild life to move about in their most natural abode.
Wayanad enjoys a salubrious climate throughout the year. The mean average rain fall in this district is 2322 m.m. Lakkidi, Vythiri and Meppadi are the high rainfall areas in Wayanad. Annual rain fall in these high rain fall areas ranges from 3,000 to 4,000m.m. High velocity winds are common during the south west monsoon and dry winds blow in March-April. High altitude regions experience severe cold.
In ancient times the land was ruled by the Vedar Rajas. Later Wayanad came under the rule of Pazhassi Raja of Kottayam Royal Dynasty. The modern history of the district is associated with the events that took place during the Mysorean invasion and the long spell of the British rule stretching over a period of about two centuries. There was fierce encounter between the British and Pazhassi Rajah. When the state of Kerala came into being in 1956, Wayanad was a part of Cannannore district; later in 1957 south Wayanad was added to Kozhikode district and north Wayanad remained with Cannannore district. By amalgamating the north Wayanad and south Wayanad, the present Wayanad district came into being on the 1st November 1980 comprising of three taluks; Vythiry, Mananthavady and Sulthan Bathery.
Wayanad is unique in that it is situated in an elevated picturesque mountainous plateau in the Western Ghats. The vast stretches of mist – capped mountains, green meadows of valleys, white water springs, blue water lakes and wild forests express the splendid natural beauty of Wayanad. Its pretty image not withstanding, perhaps what the visitor finds most endearing about this quaint little hill station is its large tribal population of about fifty-strong tribes and their fascinating lifestyle. Travellers can stay at the tree top houses and mud huts and enjoy the thrills of jungle life.
Places to Visit: Chembra peak , Pakshipathalam , Meenmutty Water Fall,Pookot Lake,Sentinal Rock Water Fall,Kanthan Para Water Fall,Kuruva Dweep,Banasura Dam,Pazhassi Tourist Resort,Lakkidi Ghat Pass,Thirunelly Temple,Valliyoorkav Temple,Puliyar Mala Jain Temple,Pallikunnu Church,Varambetta Mosque,Edakkal Caves,Pazhassi Memorial,Jain Temples at Panamaram,Sulthan Bathery Jain Temple,Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, Tholpetty, Karappuzha Dam, Tiger Valley, Soochippara Waterfalls, Chembra Hills, Bird Sanctuary in north Wayanad